Court says Caster Semenya can appeal testosterone limit for female athletes | Inquirer Sports

Court says Caster Semenya can appeal testosterone limit for female athletes

/ 10:39 PM July 11, 2023

South Africa's Caster Semenya

FILE PHOTO: Athletics – World Athletics Championships – Women’s 5000 Metres – Heats – Hayward Field, Eugene, Oregon, U.S. – July 20, 2022 South Africa’s Caster Semenya in action during the heat REUTERS/Aleksandra Szmigiel/File Photo

Europe’s top human rights court ruled in favor of Olympic runner Caster Semenya on Tuesday, saying courts in Switzerland should give her a new chance to fight a requirement that female athletes with high natural testosterone take drugs to lower it.

The South African double Olympic 800m champion, 32, had approached the European Court of Human Rights in February, 2021 after losing appeals to CAS, sport’s highest court, and the Swiss Federal Tribunal (SFT) in a long-running legal battle.


The ECHR ruled, by a slender majority of four votes to three, that Semenya’s original appeal against World Athletics regulations had not been properly heard.


“The Court found in particular that the applicant had not been afforded sufficient institutional and procedural safeguards in Switzerland to allow her to have her complaints examined effectively,” ECHR said in a statement.

“The high stakes of the case for the applicant and the narrow margin of appreciation afforded to the respondent State should have led to a thorough Institutional and procedural review, but the applicant had not been able to obtain such a review.”

Semenya may now be free to challenge, once again, rules that have left her career on hold, but there is still some way to go in that regard.

During a three-month period following the ECHR judgement it is not final and any party may request that the case be referred to the Grand Chamber of the Court.

If such a request is made, a panel of five judges will consider whether it deserves further examination. In that event, the Grand Chamber will hear the case and deliver a final judgment.

Caster Semenya

FILE – In this April 13, 2018, file photo, South Africa’s Caster Semenya celebrates after winning the woman’s 800m final at Carrara Stadium during the 2018 Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast, Australia. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein, File)

World Athletics said it stood by its rules, which would remain in place for now, and added they will encourage the Swiss Government to ask for a review of the judgement.


“We remain of the view that the DSD regulations are a necessary, reasonable and proportionate means of protecting fair competition in the female category as the Court of Arbitration for Sport and Swiss Federal Tribunal both found, after a detailed and expert assessment of the evidence,” World Athletics said in a statement.

“We will liaise with the Swiss Government on the next steps and, given the strong dissenting views in the decision, we will be encouraging them to seek referral of the case to the ECHR Grand Chamber for a final and definitive decision.”

Semenya has a medical condition known as hyperandrogenism, which is characterized by higher than usual levels of testosterone, a hormone that increases muscle mass, strength and hemoglobin, which affects endurance.

Under the rules, in order to compete in women’s events, athletes with differences in sexual development (DSDs) that result in high testosterone levels must lower them to those of “a healthy woman with ovaries”. They may take the contraceptive pill, have a monthly injection or undergo surgery to remove testes.

The Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled in 2019 that World Athletics’ rules were necessary for fair female competition.

At the time, Semenya said the rules were discriminatory, and contraceptive pills made her feel “constantly sick”. She lost her appeal to the SFT the following year to set aside the 2019 CAS ruling.

Semenya won gold in the women’s 800 meters at the 2016 Olympics and is also a three-time world champion in the distance.

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The regulations, initially applied to races of 400 meters to a mile, were expanded in March to include all female track events, preventing Semenya from relaunching her career by running longer distances.


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